In the design of the Land-Rover every effort has been made to simplify as far as possible the amount of attention which the owner must devote to upkeep. For this manual we have endeavoured, by the use of illustrations, to make the instructions for items of routine maintenance as simple and as clear as possible. At the same time we realise that there may be occasions when the owner finds himself in some difficulty; such cases are dealt with by our Service Department and the inforrnation given on Page 112 will help you.

"Occasions when the owner
finds himself in some difficulty"

Operating instructions for the standard vehicle are given on Pages 1-85, while details of extra equipment are set out on Pages 86-110 ; reference to the Land-Rover Station Wagon is made on Page 109 and to the Welding Plant version on Page 108.

In the event of spare parts being required, they may be obtained through the nearest Rover agent or in cases where difficulty is experienced, directly from us.

It will be realised that from time to time, alterations in design and in the make of various accessories occur and this operation manual, while being kept up-to-date as far as possible, is not to be taken as a standard specification of the Land-Rover.

We reserve the right to alter the specification at any time and without incurring any obligation to incorporate such alteration in vehicles already delivered.

The purchaser is earnestly requested to fill in the Guarantee form supplied with the vehicle, upon receipt of which we will place his name on our list of owners and return the completed Guarantee form.




In order to obtain the Certificate of Guarantee operative with your vehicle, it is essential that you should, with the minimum of delay, either fill in and post the guarantee form supplied or ask your supplier to do it for you. Failure to do so may seriously jeopardise any claim you may have on the Company under the terms of the standard guarantee.

The cooling system is pressurised and great care must be taken when removing the radiator filler cap, especially when the engine is hot, to avoid steam which may be blown out with considerable force.


The years of good service expected from your vehicle will depend to a large extent upon the treatment it receives in the early stages. It is most important that your Land-Rover be properly run-in," that is, it should be given an initial period of service during which it must be driven carefully at moderate speeds so that no component is subjected to extreme loads.

"Avoid steam which may be
blown out with considerable

We recommend a running-in period of 500 miles (750 Km.) during which 35-40 m.p.h. (55-65 k.p.h.) in high transfer ratio should not be exceeded, but even after that the vehicle should not be driven at prolonged high speeds until it has done 1,000 miles (1.500 Km.); good use should be made of the gearbox and a change-down to a lower gear made if the engine is subjected to hard pulling in a high gear. Never race the engine when cold at any time during the life of the vehicle.

The instructions pasted on the windscreen are only general and to get the most lasting benefit the owner will not only obey these, but also see that he does not, on prolonged stretches, do even 40 m.p.h. (65 k.p.h.) if it means using full throttle during the first 500 miles (750 Km.).

It may well be that you desire to use the Land-Rover for other purposes besides road-work, even when it is new; it may be required for driving stationary equipment or for cross-country work necessitating low transfer ratio. In the latter case 15 m.p.h. (25 k.p.h.) should not be exceeded in top gear whilst running-in, with correspondingly lower speeds in the intermediate gears. For stationary work an engine speed of 2,000 r.p.m. should be regarded as the maximum during the first five hours and this figure can be raised to 3,000 r.p.m. for the next ten hours. As an engine revolution indicator is not fitted to the Land-Rover, reference should be made to the table below to ascertain the road-speed corresponding to these figures and the hand-throttle marked to give these settings during a trial run on the road.

Engine R.P.M
Road Speed
Top gear (high transfer)
Top Gear (low transfer)
30 m.p.h (50 k.p.h)
12 m.p.h (20 k.p.h)
45 m.p.h (70 k.p.h)
17 m.p.h (27 k.p.h)

Your dealer will carry out a complete check-over on the vehicle after 750 miles (1.000 Km.) if used exclusively for roadwork or after 30 hours when mainly used in low transfer ratio for farming purposes. The inspection will conform to the Free Service Card supplied with the vehicle and includes changing the oil in the engine, gearbox, transfer box and axles. A second check-over will be given after 1,500 miles (2.500 Km.) or 60 hours.

During the early life of the vehicle we recommend the use of an upper cylinder lubricant. It should be used in the proportion of one fluid ounce to four gallons of petrol (three centilitres to twenty litres) and added to the tank before filling with petrol to ensure thorough mixing.
We have tested and exclusively recommend the following lubricants -

Wakefield's Castrollo.
Mobil Upperlube.
Shell Donax U.
or Energol U.C.L.

The addition of upper cylinder lubricant is not considered so essential after the engine has been "run-in," but it can be continued without any detrimental effect.

"First examine the fuses"
In the event of any electncal component (except lamps) failing to function, first examine the fuses on the voltage regulator box on the right-hand side of the scuttle and replace if necessary. Two spare fuses (35 amp.) are carried on the regulator cover.

"The registration number is of
no use whatever to us"

The vehicle serial number will be found on a plate fixed to the scuttle panel. Owners are requested to quote this number in all correspondence; the registration number of the vehicle is of no use whatever to us.
Certain units also carry serial numbers as detailed below, but they should not be quoted unless specially asked for, as we can identify them from our records, providing the vehicle number is given.

Chassis number is stamped on the top of the left-hand front engine bearer bracket.

Engine number is stamped at the top front of the cylinder block on the left-hand side, adjacent to the water pump.

Gearbox number is stamped on the right-hand side of the casing at the rear.

Rear axle number is stamped on top of the axle casing on the left-hand side.

Front axle number is stamped on top of the axle casing on the left-hand side.