Although the handling of the Borg-Warner Automatic Transmission is quickly
and easily acquired, owners who have not previously used this type of
transmission should read carefully the following instructions so as to
ensure that they obtain the best results from the car.
The conventional clutch and gearbox of a normal manual transmission are
completely replaced by an Automatic gearbox consisting of a torque converter
and gears operated hydraulically providing three forward ratios termed
'Low', 'Intermediate' and 'Direct' and also a 'Reverse' gear.
Instead of the normal gear lever there is a small selector lever placed
under the steering wheel. The actual gear engaged depends not only on
the position of this selector lever but also upon the extent to which
the accelerator pedal is depressed and upon the speed of the car. Initial
setting of the gear selector lever is all that is required and necessary
changes of gear, both upwards and downwards, will be made automatically.
The transmission also provides a special 'Hill-hold" arrangement
to prevent the car from rolling backwards when momentarily stopped on
an incline with the engine running, thus obviating the use of hand or
foot brake under such conditions.
In addition to the accelerator pedal there are two controls:
(a) The selector lever
(b) The intermediate gear hold switch.
The selector lever
The selector lever moves through a series of positions shown by
means of a pointer on a dial, the various positions being marked with
the letters 'P', 'N', 'D', 'L', 'R'.
The selector lever falls naturally to the position 'N' or and to engage
'P'. 'L' or 'R' the lever must be lifted towards the steering wheel and
then moved upwards or downwards according to the position required.
lever and quadrant. A: Selector leaver. B: Second gear hold switch
The letters referred to above for the selector lever represent the following:-
'P '-Park. This means
that the transmission is in a neutral condition but that the transmission
is mechanically locked so that the car cannot roll forwards or backwards.
A safety device is fitted to prevent this mechanical lock being engaged
at speeds over approximately 5 m.p.h. (8 k.p.h.). The selector lever must
be placed in this position or in 'N' before attempting to start the engine.
The transmission is completely disengaged and there is no drive but the
car is free to move. The selector lever must be placed in this position
or in 'P' before attempting to start the engine.
The selector lever is placed in this position for normal driving.
When in this position either 'Low' or 'Intermediate' or 'Direct' gear
will be engaged7 depending upon the speed of the vehicle and the extent
to which the accelerator pedal is depressed.
'L'-Means 'Low'. The
transmission cannot change into a higher gear as long as the selector
lever is left in 'U. Whilst in this position the engine provides positive
over-run braking, but the brakes must be used to prevent the car running
backwards when temporarily stopped on a hill, since the hill-hold arrangement
does not then operate.
A safety device is provided to prevent 'Reverse' gear from being engaged
when the car is travelling in a forward direction at a speed in excess
of 3 m.p.h. (4 k.p.h.).
Intermediate (2nd) Gear Hold (29) (30)
The intermediate gear hold is solenoid operated and controlled by a switch
under the steering wheel on the lower side of the shroud. To engage intermediategear
press the lever down. The F2 control is only effective when the selector
lever is set to 'D'.
The purpose of this control is to retain the Intermediate gear in operation
and to prevent upward changes into Direct gear until higher speeds are
reached than those at which such changes would normally take place.
Use of this control does not increase over-run braking.
Driving the car
To start the engine
Ensure that the selector lever is in either the 'P' or 'N' position and
the handbrake on. Then operate the combined ignition and starter switch.
As a safety measure an isolation switch prevents the starter being operated
when the selector lever is set to any other position.
In cold weather it may be found necessary to keep the combined choke and
fast idle control pulled out slightly when first starting to ensure even
running of the engine.
Note: For manual
starting see note at the end of this Section.
lever set to 'D'
With the engine started and idling easily, move the selector lever to
the 'D' position, release the handbrake and depress the accelerator pedal.
The car will move forward controlled by the accelerator pedal and gear
changes, both up and down, will occur automatically. The harder the accelerator
pedal is depressed the faster the car will go before automatically changing
up into a higher gear.
If whilst cruising
more rapid acceleration is required for overtaking purposes, sharp depression
of the accelerator pedal beyond its normal full travel to what is termed
the 'kick-down' position will cause the transmission to change into a
The easing back of
the accelerator pedal will cause the transmission to change up again.
The 'Hill-hold' arrangement already referred to above will prevent the
car from running backwards when momentarily stopped on a hill with the
engine running without the necessity of using either foot or hand brake.
The following three
paragraphs provide, for those who wish it, a slightly fuller explanation.
If the car is moving away from rest with the accelerator slightly depressed
the car will start in 'Intermediate' gear and an up change will occur
into direct drive at between 17-21 m.p.h.
(27-33 k.p.h.). If, however, the accelerator pedal is depressed to its
normal full travel the car will move off in' Low' gear with maximum acceleration.
Under these conditions of acceleration the change from 'Low' to 'Intermediate'
will be delayed up to 20-25 m.p.h. (32-40 k.p.h.), and the change from
'Intermediate' to 'Direct' drive will be delayed up to approximately 44-49
m.p.h. (70-78 k.p.h.).
Should the accelerator
pedal be depressed beyond the normal full travel position into what is
termed the 'kick-down' position upward gear changes will be delayed still
The 'Low' to 'Intermediate' change will take place at from 28-32 m.p.h.
(45-5 1 k.p.h.), and the 'Intermediate' to 'Direct' drive change at approximately
55-65 m.p.h. (88-104 k.p.h.), unless the accelerator pedal is released
before this speed is reached, whereupon 'Direct' drive will automatically
At speeds below 21
m.p.h. (33 k.p.h.) the transmission will automatically change into 'Intermediate'
if pressure on the accelerator pedal is released or almost completely
Changes down from
'Direct' drive into 'Intermediate' may, however, be made at speeds below
approximately 40 m.p.h. (64 k.p.h.) according to depression of the accelerator
pedal and if pushed into the 'kick-down' position at speeds below approximately
55 m.p.h, (88 k.p.h.). At no time will the transmission permit speeds
in excess of 60-65 m.p.h. (96-104 k.p.h.) to be maintained in 'Intermediate'
gear. In a similar manner if the transmission is operating in 'Intermediate'
gear at speeds below approximately 18 m.p.h. (28 k.p.h.) it is possible
to engage first gear by depressing the accelerator pedal to the 'kick-down
Use of Low gear-selector
lever set to 'L'
With the selector lever set in the 'L' position, the transmission is held
in 'Low' gear and regardless of the speed reached by the car no upward
gear changes will take place. Also positive braking is provided by the
engine when the accelerator is eased back.
The 'U position is
accordingly particularly useful in the following conditions:-
(a) For unusually long and steep gradients and descents where a low gear
and engine braking are desirable.
(b) Where hard pulling may be encountered, as in deep snow or heavy mud.
(c) Where the car becomes stuck in sand, snow or mud. In such conditions
it may be possible to rock it out by gently depressing the accelerator
pedal and quickly moving the selector lever between 'L' and 'R' and back
again a few times.
If the car is moving
and low gear is no longer required, the selector lever can be moved from
the 'U to the 'D' position, whereupon upward changes to 'Intermediate'
and 'Direct' drive will be made in the normal way.
On the other hand
the selector lever must not be moved from 'D' to 'U until the car speed
has been reduced to below 40 m.p.h. (64 k.p.h.). Under these conditions
the engine should be speeded up by the depression of the accelerator pedal
in exactly the same way as when making a downward change on a manually
operated synchromesh gearbox. If the selector lever is moved, as above,
at speeds exceeding 40 m.p.h. (64 k.p.h.) the car will slow down very
suddenly and there is a grave risk of damage to the engine.
Use of Reverse
When preparing to reverse the car, the engine should be allowed to idle
and the selector lever moved into the 'W (Reverse) position. The handbrake
should then be released and the accelerator pedal gently depressed. If
the 'W (Reverse) position be inadvertently selected whilst the car is
moving forward, a hydraulic interlock prevents it becoming effective till
the road speed drops to approximately 3 m.p.h. (4 k.p.h.).
Parking the car
Always park with the selector lever in the 'P' (Park) position. In addition
the handbrake should always be applied when leaving the car unattended.
When parking on a gradient apply the hand-brake before engaging 'P' (Park)
and disengage 'P' before releasing the handbrake. If the foregoing instruction
is disregarded some difficulty may be experienced in attempting to drive
off owing to the parking pawl being locked into position on the mainshaft
gear and consequently being difficult to release. In such cases select
the gear that will allow the car to be moved gently up the gradient and
as soon as the car moves, the parking pawl will instantly disengage and
then the selector lever can be placed in the appropriate position to move
the car in the desired direction.
Use of Intermediate
Under normal driving conditions, the 'Intermediate' gear hold will not
be required, but it is provided to meet certain specific conditions.
The control is operated by the switch under the steering wheel at the
lower side of the shroud, To engage press switch down. Intermediate hold
can be switched on or off at any speed regardless of whether the engine
is pulling or not,
As already explained, this control is only effective when the selector
lever is set to 'D'. With the switch down, the transmission will not change
up into 'Direct' drive under 60-65 m.p.h. (96-104 k.p.h.) Should it be
considered desirable to change up into 'Direct' drive at lower speeds
than those quoted above, a simple adjustment can be made to the hold mechanism
by your local Distributor or Dealer, which allows the transmission to
change up into 4Direct' drive at 37-44 m.p.h. (59-70 k.p.h,).
The use of the 'Intermediate' gear hold is accordingly particularly advised
in the following conditions:-
(a) Where the car
is being driven up steep and winding gradients at speeds below 60 m.p.h.
(96 k.p.h.) or 37-44 m.p.h. (59-70 k.p.h.) see above.
In the above case the use of 'Intermediate' gear hold prevents frequent
changes between 'Direct' and 'Intermediate' gears occasioned by variations
in the speed of the car.
(b) Where the car is being driven slowly, but it is desirable to maintain
reasonable engine speed so that the dynamo may balance the heavy electrical
load placed upon it by lights, windscreen wiper, heater, etc.-e.g. in
foggy conditions at night.
(c) To select a lower gear range when overtaking.
It should be noted that when the intermediate hold is in operation, starts
from rest are automatically made in 'Low' gear. Also the 'Hill-hold' arrangement
previously referred to, which prevents the car from rolling backwards
when momentarily stopped on an incline, will not function.
Prolonged idling is sometimes unavoidable and some drivers make a practice
of warming-up their engines before starting a journey. In all such cases
it is advisable to set the selector lever to either the 'P' or 'N' positions.
If the lever is set in any other position, and the handbrake is not firmly
applied, the car may tend to 'creep' since it will in fact be in gear.
In such circumstances there is also a risk of the accelerator pedal being
accidentally depressed, thereby causing the car to move suddenly.
Special Note: for
manual starting, Automatic Transmission
With the starting
(a) Before attempting to start the engine with the starting handle, switch
on the ignition, ensure that the selector lever is set to 'P' and the
handbrake is hard on.
In such circumstances the isolation switch is ineffective and unless the
selector lever is set to 'P' there is a danger that the car might 'creep'
forward, thereby causing injury.
(b) In the unlikely event of it being necessary to start the engine by
means other than the above, this may be done by pushing or towing the
car. The ignition should be switched 'on' and the selector lever placed
in the 'D' position. The car may then be pushed from behind or towed and
the engine should start when it reaches a speed of 25 m,p.h. (40 k.p.h.).
For towing, use a rope of sufficient length, and exercise the usual care
to avoid colliding with the leading vehicle.
4-speed and Automatic Transmission
1. Ensure that the gear lever is in the neutral position.
2. Borg-Warner automatic transmission. Ensure that the selector lever
is either in the Neutral or Park position; the engine will not start until
this is so.
3. Set the cold start control:
(a) Right out if the engine is cold;
(b) In a fast idling position if the engine is warm;. the fast idle position,
about 0.625 in. (17 mm) out, can be felt as the point at which the load
necessary to pull out the control becomes greater. It can also be seen,
if the engine is warm, as the point at which the cold start control warning
light goes out when the control is pushed in;
(c) Right in if the engine is hot;
(d) With a very hot engine it may be necessary to slightly depress the
accelerator pedal when starting.
4. Switch on the ignition,
check that the green oil pressure and red ignition warning lights appear.
5. Turn the ignition key in a clockwise direction, when the engine should
start after a turn or two. The key will automatically return to the 'on'
position on release.
If the engine makes a false start, allow the starter to come to rest before
operating the switch again. Should the engine fail to start after two
or three attempts, investigate and correct the cause before the battery
is run down needlessly.
When the engine
Push the cold start control in progressively as the engine warms up, and
right in as soon as the engine temperature will permit.
Do not race the engine; drive away at a moderate speed immediately after
starting, so stimulating lubrication of the cylinder walls as the engine
Illumination of the amber warning light on the instrument panel will indicate
that the control has been left out inadvertently and must be pushed in
at once, at least to the fast idle position, or fully in as soon as the
engine will idle satisfactorily.
Progressive running-in of your new car is of the utmost importance and
has a direct bearing on durability and smooth running throughout its life.
The running-in speeds which follow, apply on 4-speed models, to normal
top gear drive, not overdrive.
The running-in period is 500 miles (750 kin), during which time 35-40
m.p.h. (55-65 k.p.h.) or 2,000 r.p.m. should not be exceeded. The engine
must not be allowed to labour at any time and full use should be made
of the indirect gears to ensure that full throttle is not used even to
achieve 40 m.p.h. (65 k.p.h.). On cars fitted with automatic transmission,
gentle progressive use of the throttle should be made. If the car is driven
in Low at any time when new, 15 m.p.h. (25 k.p.h.) or 2,000 r.p.m. should
not be exceeded before changing into Drive.
speeds may be increased gradually, but the car should not be driven at
prolonged high speeds until it has done 1,000 miles (1.500 km.).
On cars fitted with Borg-Warner Automatic transmission, a speed of 105
m.p.h. (168 k.p.h.) or 5,000 r.p.m. must not be exceeded, otherwise serious
damage to the engine may result.
The markings on the speedometer and tachometer faces are for the purpose
of drawing attention to this point.
The reason for this limitation is that the axle ratio has been chosen
to give the best overall performance suited to the majority of requirements.
The Rover Company attaches very great importance to the nature of the
lubricants used in its products and therefore maintains lists of those
which it recommends.
Full details of Rover recommended lubricants will be found in Part Two
of this book, together with additional information on this important subject.
The attention of owners is drawn to the fact that the use of lubricants
other than those recommended, could in certain circumstances affect the
settlement of claims put forward under the terms of the Company's guarantee.
Bonnet lock control
When closed the bonnet is automatically locked and can only be opened
by releasing the bonnet lock control located under the parcel shelf at
the right-hand side.
To open the bonnet pull the lock control; this releases the catch above
the radiator grille and allows the bonnet to open slightly. The safety
catch under the bonnet to the left of the motif must be pressed up to
allow the bonnet to be lifted to the fully open position.
The bonnet is spring
balanced and self-supporting when open. Two under-bonnet lamps are fitted
on Coupé models, which automatically light up when the bonnet is
opened. Close by pulling down and pressing firmly into position.
Door Handles and
To open a door from the outside, grasp the handle and press the release
button with the thumb; a catch incorporated in the check strap retains
the door in the fully open position.
Front Doors, all models
Both front doors may be locked from the outside, using the ignition key
or alternatively either front door can be locked from the inside as follows.
With the door closed, push the interior handle forward; it will spring
back to the original position, but the movement of the handle makes the
outside push button inoperative, thus preventing the door from being opened
from the outside.
It is also possible
to lock the doors from the outside without the key by pushing the interior
handle forward and then closing the door with the exterior push button
depressed. Make sure both doors are not locked in this way if the ignition
key is still in the car.
With the door closed, press down the sill button; this renders the outside
button inoperative, thus preventing the door from being opened from the
button, Coupe models
It is also possible to lock the front doors from the outside without the
key by pressing down the sill button7 and then closing the door with the
exterior push button depressed. Make sure both doors are not blocked in
this way if the ignition key is still in the car.
If the door fails
to shut at the first attempt and remains in the safety position, depress
the exterior release button without puffing the handle.
The rear doors are locked by pushing the interior handle forward until
a 'click' is felt, either before or after they are shut.
A safety locking device is incorporated in each rear door lock, to serve
as an extra precaution against the doors being opened accidentally. It
is operated by rotating the left-hand side interior handle escutcheon
in an anti-clockwise direction. When thus locked, the door can be opened
only from the outside.
device, rear doors, saloon mdels. A: Escutcheon
The safety device must be set at the 'off' position before the door can
be locked in the normal way, using the interior handle.
The rear doors are locked by pressing down the sill buttons, which locks
the inner handles, and providing also additional safety against the doors
being opened accidentally.
To restore the normal action of the interior and exterior door handles
pull up the sill buttons.
If the door fails to shut at the first attempt and remains in the safety
position, depress the exterior release button without pulling the handle.
The side arm rests fitted to the front doors are adjustable to suit individual
requirements; to adjust the armrest lift up centre flap and slide armrest
up or down as required. Release flap to lock.
front arm rest
The padded ~visors can be used either to reduce sun glare through the
windscreen, or through the side windows by pivoting to the side.
A mirror is fitted to the back of the passenger's visor.
Front seat adjustment
The fore-and-aft position of the front seat is readily adjusted by pulling
to the right the lever of the centre of the seat base and moving the seat
into the most convenient position.
Further adjustment for height and rake can be obtained by repositioning
the securing bolts at the base of the seat.
adjustment, Saloon models
Fully adjustable front bucket seats are standard on Coupé models.
They are available as optional equipment on Saloon models.
adjustable front bucket seat
To adjust the rake
of the squab, seat fully upwards. Push squab forward until the correct
The fore-and-aft movement of these bucket seats is readily adjusted by
pulling upwards the lever at the inside front corner of the seat base,
and moving the seat into the required position.
lift lever on the outside of the backwards or allow to come is obtained
and release lever.
The seat height is
easily adjustable by turning the handle at the centre of the seat base
clockwise or anti-clockwise until the required height is obtained.
To open the luggage boot lift the handle and raise the lid, which will
automatically remain in the open position. The lid can be locked in the
closed position; this action also prevents the spare wheel operating screw
being tampered with. When the side lights are on, the lamp in the boot
lid automatically lights up when the lid is opened.
Tool stowage (24)
Small tools are carried in a sliding tray under the front parcel shelf.
There is no stop on the tray and it can be pulled straight out.
The lifting jack,
wheel brace, starting handle, tyre pump and hub cover removal tool are
mounted on a board in the luggage boot on the left-hand side, underneath
a trimmed flap.
The spare wheel is stowed in a separate compartment below the luggage
To remove proceed as follows
1. Open the luggage boot lid.
2. Push locking spring to one side and, with the wheel brace, turn the
hexagon-headed screw anti-clockwise, so lowering the spare wheel retainer
beneath the luggage boot.
3. When the retainer has been lowered to its fullest extent the spare
wheel can be withdrawn.
wheel retaining screw
To replace the spare
4. Slide the spare wheel fully home into the retainer.
5. Ensure that the valve is directly under the hole in the floor, to enable
the tyre pressure to be checked without removing the wheel.
6. With the wheel brace, turn the hexagon-headed screw clockwise until
the retainer is completely closed, push locking spring into one of the
slots in the hexagon-headed screw.
wheel valve in correct position
Jacking the car
The jacking system incorporated in this car enables the jack to be placed
in position with a minimum of effort, without any necessity to get underneath
Four tubular jacking brackets are fitted under the body lower rail, behind
the front wheels and just in front of the rear wheels.
To raise one corner of the car:-
1. Remove the rubber dust excluder from the appropriate jacking point.
2. Fit the pivoted extension on the jack well home into the bracket. This
extension can be lowered or raised by turning the handle either one way
or the other.
3. Turn the handle until the road wheel is clear of the ground.
To lower the car, reverse these operations.
If it is desired to raise the car with means other than those supplied,
suitable jacking points are:
Front: At the jacking pad under the centre of the front chassis cross-
Rear: Under the axle casing.
1. Prise off the hub cover plate, using the special tool provided. The
tool should be inserted at the valve position as shown in the illustration.
2. Slacken the five double-ended wheel nuts.
3. Jack up the corner of the car.
4. Remove the nuts and gently withdraw the wheel over the studs.
5. If available, place a drop of oil on the stud threads, to assist in
6. Fit the new wheel,
tighten the nuts as much as possible, then lower the car to the ground
and lock the nuts securely.
7. Replace the hub cap.
hub cover plate
It is always preferable to clean the bodywork with water and sponge, using
plenty of waier; wherever possible the surface should be freely hosed.
After drying with a chamois leather, it should be polished in the usual
manner, using any of the good brands of wax car polish.
As an alternative, if the body is only dusty, it can be wiped over with
a soft, dry cloth and then polished, but great care must be taken to avoid
scratching the surface.
It is well periodically to wash the underside of the car, to prevent mud
pockets and the consequent tendency for rust formation.
The use on the roads during frosty weather of salt sometimes in quite
strong concentrations, is now being widely practised. Whilst special protection
has been provided for the under surfaces of the body etc., due to its
highly corrosive nature salt deposited should be washed off as soon as
possible by thorough under washing of the car.
Body touch-up paint
The body touch-up pencil supplied is loaded with 8 c.c. of cellulose-base
paint. It is suitable for touching up small scratches, etc., and should
be used as follows:
1. Thoroughly clean surface to be painted.
2. Shake the container well.
3. Remove cap, tip down and apply.
4. Regulate flow by pressure on brush.
5. Wipe nozzle, container and cap after use and replace cap tightly.
Chromium cannot rust, but in instances where it is used on ferrous metals,
it does not prevent the accumulation of red oxide on the chromium surface.
polishing is not necessary~ dirt must be removed periodically if the original
high polish is to be maintained. Ordinary metal polishes cannot be used,
as some of them contain solutions which act as a solvent to chromium.
To clean off mud and dirt, wash with water and dry with a leather.
To remove oxide or tar, use any good brand of polish that has been specially
prepared for chromium plate.
Badge bar, optional equipment
An attractive chromium-plated badge bar can be fitted to the front bumper
centre bar as shown in the illustration.